Being an alcoholic is a stigma in society and it has an adverse impact on one’s social circle. It affects health in a serious way, causing major diseases to occur. It has devastating implications on the addict and his family. Some alcoholics keep the addiction secret from their friends and family, others openly drink without hesitation. Those with a secret addiction are called functioning alcoholics. In today’s stressful lifestyle the wide availability of alcoholic beverages is giving rise to pervasive addiction. In some communities alcohol drinking is a status symbol. They proudly drink with their friends and enjoy the taste without even realizing it’s serious health effects. If someone is able to function properly being an alcoholic doesn’t mean there is no risk involved. Alcoholism is a terrible disease with a deadly end. If someone you know is showing any of these signs they may be a functioning alcoholic.
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. It can be caused by a variety of toxins (such as drugs or alcohol), autoimmune conditions, or pathogens (including viruses, bacteria, or parasites). Viral hepatitis is caused by a family of viruses labeled A, B, C, D, and E; each has its own unique route of transmission and prognosis. Hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) are the most common viral hepatitis infections transmitted through the risky behaviors that drug users often engage in. Approximately 800,000–1.4 million people are living with HBV and 2.7–3.9 million people are living with HCV in the United States.